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Climate change Belgium 4/2/2024

Primagaz Belgium drastically reduces CO2 emissions from secondary transport thanks to HVO diesel

Within Europe, truck transport accounts for a quarter of greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs). Therefore, the European Commission aims to drastically reduce the CO2 emissions from trucks in the future. All companies should contribute to this goal, including Primagaz Belgium. By using HVO diesel in trucks for secondary transport, a significant CO2 reduction has been achieved.

What is HVO Diesel?

HVO Diesel, or HVO100, stands for 'Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil' and is a second-generation biofuel. It is made from waste streams of the food industry and is completely fossil-free. HVO fuel can be refueled in any diesel engine, either pure or in combination with, for example, fossil diesel.

What are the benefits of HVO100?

HVO100 can reduce GHGs during the fuel lifecycle by up to 90% compared to fossil diesel.

Some facts & figures about HVO100 compared to fossil diesel:

  • 33% fewer emission of small dust particles
  • 9% fewer emission of nitrogen oxides
  • 30% fewer emission of hydrocarbons
  • 24% fewer emission of carbon monoxide

Although the price of HVO Diesel is currently higher than fossil diesel, the price gap between it has shown a decreasing trend in recent months.

Primagaz Belgium case

To achieve a CO2 emission reduction in secondary transport (transport from the depot to the customer), Primagaz set up a pilot project from November 2022 to April 2023 with one of the transporters.

What does the pilot entail?:

  • Installation of a 5,000 liter tank system to refuel HVO Diesel at the transporter's depot. Primagaz has chosen for a shared investment of the tank (50/50) with the transporter. This means lower investment costs for Primagaz itself and gives us the opportunity to strengthen the bonds of the partnership for the future.
  • 3 bulk trucks drove about 65,000 km during this period with HVO Diesel (which is 7% of the total amount of kilometers of bulk trucks during that same period). This resulted in a CO2 saving of 0.5 kg CO2 per tonnes. Thus, a total CO2 reduction of 14 tonnes of CO2 was achieved during the pilot.

What does the future hold?

Since March 2024, a cylinder truck is also running on HVO Diesel and considering the limited investment cost and simple transition, Primagaz aims to expand the truck fleet on HVO Diesel in the near future. Currently, there are a limited number of fuel stations in Belgium distributing HVO Diesel, but this coverage will be expanded in the future. However, pending this expansion, the preference remains to provide the solution directly at the transporter's site.

Secondary transport at Primagaz Belgium currently accounts for about 1.4 million km/year for cylinders and bulk combined, and the ambition by December 2024 is to convert 50% of this to HVO. To achieve this, negotiations are currently ongoing with two transporters to extend the number of HVO partnerships in the future. In this way, we can contribute to the reduction of CO2 emissions and achieve a CO2 saving of 270 g per km.